Environmental Health Officers investigate any contact between animals and humans that might possibly lead to a rabies infection. Contact means a bite, scratch or licking of broken skin or moist tissue (eyes, mouth, etc.). Each reported contact is assessed to determine the chance of infection and measures to take to prevent rabies.
Rabies infection almost always results in death. It is an infection of the brain caused by a virus usually spread through the saliva of infected animals. Worldwide more than 50,000 people die each year. The infection is spread to humans mainly through dog bites. Rabies is 100% preventable.
Protect yourself, your family and pets.
- Fact Sheet on Rabies (Public Health Agency of Canada)
Information for Health Professionals
- Animal Bite / Rabies Investigation Form
- NWT Communicable Disease Manual
- 2012 Canadian Immunization Guide, Evergreen Edition; Part 4, Active Vaccine, Rabies Vaccine
- Rabies in the Northwest Territories
- Positive Rabies in Canada Report
- Control of Communicable Diseases Manual